Day 37, Tuesday, August 21, 2018
I heard somewhere that this is the largest Presidential tomb in the United States. I tried to corroborate this with information online, but I came up empty, but having seen it, it seems plausible. That said, I wasn’t really expecting that, since President William McKinley isn’t exactly the most famous or revered of our Presidents.
McKinley lived in Canton, Ohio for the majority of his adult life. He served in the Civil War and participated in several battles an officer in a regiment of the Ohio volunteers; he was the last Civil War veteran president. After the war, he became a lawyer and had a robust civil and political career before being elected President in 1896.
On September 6, 1901, an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz shot McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. He died eight days later after developing gangrene. His body was returned to Washington, D.C. to lie in state at the United States Capitol, and then he came home to be interred in Canton.
McKinley’s friends planned a memorial for McKinley and raised over $600,000 to build it in Canton’s Westlawn Cemetery. Construction started in 1905 and was completed in 1907, the same year that Ida McKinley died. McKinley, Ida, and their two daughters who died in early childhood were all interred in the memorial building.
And what a memorial it is! It stands on a grass-covered hill overlooking the city of Canton, and is immense! It was designed by architect H. Van Buren Magonigle (that’s a name you really have to grow into!) and is a huge domed pink granite building that is 96 feet tall and 79 feet in diameter. To get to the building, you must first climb up 108 stone steps that lead up to the mausoleum. When I visited, there were quite a few joggers getting their workout in on these imposing steps. There used to be a long reflecting pool in front of the memorial and steps, but it was replaced in 1951 by a depressed lawn. About halfway up the steps is a bronze statue of President McKinley delivering his last speech in Buffalo, by artist Charles Henry Niehaus.
You can go inside the mausoleum and see the tomb where the McKinley family is interred, but it was already closed for the day when I visited. It would have been neat to see! Instead I took pictures outside, where my hair really shows how windy it was at the top of the hill that day! The memorial is managed by the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum – one day I’ll visit there too!